Comparing Botanical And Synthetic TerpenesErica Smith
The cannabis flower (buds) can have a pleasant scent, which may encourage you to buy or cultivate it. Terpenoids, also called Terpenes, can be found in the plant and are responsible for their aroma and colouration in the bud. Cannabinoid compounds such as cannabigerol (CBG) and cannabidiol are produced in the cannabis trichome glands, which are also responsible for terpenoids. These naturally occurring terpenoids are now available in synthetic forms made by experts. Natural terpenes found in plants have been shown to have a calming influence on the body and the mind. There’s little doubt that terpenes made in a lab have great potential, but are they safe to use?
Terpenes have recently been incorporated into the oil, tincture, ointment, beverage, and food products sold by dispensaries. Terpenoids boost the health advantages of cannabis. The study of particular terpenes, such as linalool, is becoming more widespread. Lavender, which contains terpene linalool, can be used to alleviate stress and nervousness. It’s great to see such studies, but how terpenoids interact with cannabis is still unclear.
Plants produce terpenes to repel predators and attract pollinators. The large selection of cannabis strains represents a wide range of chemical varieties. Chemovars is another term that can refer to these different chemical variants. The terpene and cannabinoid signatures of different chemovars are distinct from one another. Blue Dream, a popular type of cannabis, contains significant levels of the sedative and relaxant myrcene. While cannabis strains from various origins may all go by the same name on the market, such as “Super Haze,” they may not have the same molecular composition.
As the demand for terpenoids continues to rise, we should expect to see an increase in the amount of content containing terpenes. Some users are highly selective and favour one strain over another, almost always due to the terpenoids present in cannabis. In addition, synthetic terpenes are increasingly popular.
After the plant has been subjected to the distillation process, it is possible to extract terpenes from it. Terpenes used in cannabis extraction come from plants naturally rich in the same chemical. Due to their sensitivity to heat, terpenes are best extracted using methods that require flash-freezing the buds to preserve the terpene content (e.g. “live” resin).
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All terpenes found in nature have the same characteristics because they are characterised by the chemicals that compose them, just like the myrcene found in Blue Dream. The thyme and the mango both have myrcene in them. The terpene myrcene is identical in both the mango and the Blue Dream. Terpenes from cannabis are considered natural because the plant is organic. A terpenoid is a terpene that, unlike traditional terpenes, also contains oxygen in addition to the usual hydrocarbons. When discussing cannabis, either one may be used instead of the other.
Even though there is no distinction between terpenes found in plants, there is a distinction between terpenes derived from plants and those manufactured in a lab. In the best-case scenario, the botanical ones would be considered organic. In contrast, the synthetic ones would be regarded as GMO products. Terpenoids can be synthesised in a lab by combining and manipulating chemicals. By doing so, they can produce a terpene profile that is either custom-made or theoretically perfect.
Since synthetic terpenes are more concentrated, their aromas and flavours are more potent. The scent of naturally occurring terpenes is likely far lower than that of synthesised terpenoids. Suppose an additional study is done on synthetic terpenes. In that case, it may be advantageous to have customisable terpenoid profiles in our products to improve the benefits these terpenes offer.
Can Synthetic Terpenes be used without risk?
- Terpenes can be synthesised by diluting, re-distilling, and reconstructing. I think it’s best to stick with the plant terpenoids rather than trying to artificially duplicate the effects that people are seeking through other means. The other factor is that the technology is still in the process of being created, and industry experts still do not fully comprehend the differences between natural and artificial terpenes. It is not yet understood how well naturally occurring and synthetically produced terpenes interact with one another and with the human body.
- Synthetic terpenes have been used in several commercial items falsely marketed as natural. This has been a significant challenge; nevertheless, as customers gain more knowledge, they also gain more judgement. If you’re using a marijuana product, you should find out if it contains essential oils and if its terpenes are natural or synthetic. Synthetic terpenes may be entirely safe, but, like with genetically modified (GM) foods, they always carry some degree of danger, and the long-term effects of exposure to synthetics and the chemical residues they leave behind on human health are still a mystery.
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